Community participants describe Indonesian political culture. Thus, the concept refers to residents’ behaviors or attitudes in response to political institutions and activities in a region.
Habits, knowledge, and cultural norms also contribute to political culture. The results of understanding, learning, and analysis within a certain period of time by the community ultimately shape the culture.
The nature of the culture that is developing in Indonesian society today is a mixed political culture. Besides having a parochial type of culture, it also holds participants. What do these two types mean? To find out, let’s see the following discussion.
Explanation of Political Culture in Indonesia Today
According to experts, the political culture of Indonesian society does not only adhere to one type. Citizen participation in the Parochial activity was minimal. This lack of participation could be due to many things.
In exploring community areas, such as inland mountains, coastal areas, and rural areas, cases as generally found. In addition, it could also be due to other factors, such as the economy, and lack of education and infrastructure.
While the political culture in Indonesia may be seen in the active engagement of the community, they may also be viewed as the individuals who reveal their voices anytime there is political action. Moreover, Indonesia adheres to a democratic system, freedom of expression is the right of the people.
Based on a book entitled Knowing Political Science (2015) by Ikhsan Darmawan, there are three types of culture in this field. Political culture in Indonesia belongs to the type previously mentioned. The three types include:
Parochial has a limited area coverage. So, the scope is small in regional zones. The parochial shows that people’s enthusiasm for activities in this field is low.
Usually occurs in traditional community groups or in remote areas, so the means to participate are inadequate. A lack of interest in the citizens characterizes parochiality regarding political issues.
Public concern for the culture of Indonesian participants as indicated by their participation in this aspect of the activity. The community the participants is aware that as citizens they have rights and obligations related to political issues.
The active contribution given has an influence on political policy. Especially considering that the community does have a role in determining these policies, not only by the authorities.
The area that adheres to a democratic system is where the participants in general Because, in this system, in a state, the government and society have equal rights and freedoms.
The last is the subject, where the public is not aware and does not care about the ongoing government system. Its citizens are more interested in the results of its implementation.
Meanwhile, related to the process involvement and participation are low. The influence of citizens on this system is very small. People just wait for policies from the authorities and do not take part in them.
Here are some of the characteristics and types
In Indonesia, there are two types of culture that we often encounter. The ongoing culture depends on many factors, but the most dominant is the environment. A description of its characteristics is as follows.
Characteristics of parochial society are apathetic, narrow, and small in scope. Then in this aspect, citizens’ knowledge is in the very low category, and people do not care and even withdraw from the political area.
Another characteristic is that people rarely encounter this system, citizens’ awareness of the authority and power of the state is very low. So, basically, the political culture in Indonesia makes people less active in participating.
The characteristics of the participants are that the community has a high awareness to play an active role in this field and is aware that citizens have rights and responsibilities in political life.
Another characteristic is that the people do not just accept the existing situation, but consciously give an assessment of issues related to politics. In the political culture in Indonesia, this type of the participant is the most ideal for a democratic country.
There are several examples of this culture in Indonesian society namely participating in elections for those who meet the requirements, participating in forums to express aspirations, and holding demonstrations in an orderly and peaceful manner.
The activeness of the community in activities in this field will have a positive impact on the development of the country, especially since Indonesia adheres to a democratic system. The community can participate actively with the support of Indonesian political culture.